香港工會史

如果大家對香港工會史有興趣,screen完一輪readings之後,我會推介呢兩篇:

(有時間再寫返個中文簡評)

Ng, S., & Ip, O. (2009). Hong Kong’s Trade Unions as an Evolving Social Organisation and Their Prospects for the Future. In Kuah-Pearce K. & Guiheux G. (Eds.), Social Movements in China and Hong Kong: The Expansion of Protest Space (pp. 205-226). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctt46mxv6.14 **

  • Traced the change of the role & focus of Trade Unions:
  • From 1920s China-inspired working class movement, to 1940-50s FTU v. TUC political function of ensuring loyalty of rank and file members, to 1960-70s de-politicisation and pivoting to providing better members’ benefits, and take up the role of spokesperson of workers and pressure group for grassroot interests for public policy making
  • Argue that in 1980-90s with the rise of CTU, return to ideological confrontation between FTU and CTU, and trade union leaders became less involved in the workplace (as predicted by the ‘union integration’ thesis), due to competition in legislative politics and role of leaders of workers’ rights -> ‘transmission belt’ function
  • Argue with de-industrialisation, union docility and lack of collective bargaining paradoxically provided strategic flexibility for unions to exist; observed a move from workplace to society, changed role as ‘agency’ penetrating residential communities: potential to develop a Third-way ‘community unionism’
  • Argue that workplace is becoming unorganisable due to rise of atypical employment; foresee the role of community unions in representing cross-sector workers’ general interest in labour employment and reproduction issue -> a global trend in post-modern urban societies

Chan, M. K. (2001). Hong Kong workers toward 1997: Unionisation, labour activism and political participation under the China Factor. Australian Journal of Politics & History, 47(1), 61-84.** (呢篇對了解深陷議會政治的工聯會同職工盟,都好有意思)

  • Traced the process of realignment of labour unions in Hong Kong from political left-right rivalry between FTU vs. TUC towards new configuration of FTU vs. CTU
  • through studying the change in the role and action taken by FTU from political reforms since 1984 – into an alliance of left union + big business + CCP organisations
  • and the rise of CTU-affiliated and independent unions in the pan-democrats camp, and the movement from electoral success in 1991 and 1995, as well as internal personnel and class-orientation fracture that caused them to lose ground to the DAB-FTU alliance in 2000 
  • Author called for an alliance of leftist and center unions for ‘bread and butter’ issues through socio-economic unionism 

寫長文寫到好忙,得閑撚下狗,連續留在家3天都無咩感覺,and 仲未完。史稱「還債期」⋯⋯

Author: Veronique

To be tenacious, patient and independent.

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